CBD and Pregnancy

If you are wondering about CBD and pregnancy you are not alone. Dr. Caroline Hartridge, DO has compiled the most frequently asked questions that expecting mother’s ask. As always, we advise you to please consult with your own medical professional or OBGYN before using CBD when pregnant or breastfeeding.


Can expecting mothers use cannabis/THC? Is it safe?

The evidence about the safety of cannabis consumption during pregnancy is lacking. Your fetus will be exposed to what you consume. Consider the risks and benefits.

What are the risks?

Again, the data is inconclusive and negative outcomes are mostly linked to other lifestyle factors, like socioeconomic status and tobacco use. Risks may include shorter gestational period and lower birth weight.

Can expecting mothers use CBD? Is it safe?

Even less data exists around CBD and pregnancy. While it will not leave you or your fetus feeling altered, the effects on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) are real. Morning sickness, fatigue, pain and mood changes are reasons patients seek CBD during pregnancy.

What are the risks?

Smoking (tobacco/cannabis) is associated with SIDS and low birth weight. You may want to consider vaping, edibles, pills, topical.

How does CBD impact pregnancy?

THC crosses the placenta. CBD affects anandamide levels (which are low early in pregnancy). New animal studies show CBD may act protectively after infection in utero.

Does CBD make pregnant women high? 

No. But, pregnant women report sensitivity to smells and tastes, and may feel the CBD in their system.

Is CBD beneficial to expecting moms?

This is yet to be determined.

What are the side effects of CBD hemp oil and pregnancy? 

Hemp oil describes the carrier in which the patient is receiving the CBD. CBD can be delivered in oil, alcohol or water based mediums depending on the goal of the product. Processed oils (even hemp oil) are inflammatory on a cellular level.

What is research saying about CBD and expecting moms?

A study from 2010 looked at CBD and contractions. You can find that here.

What’s the best consumption method for CBD while pregnant or breastfeeding? 

Consider CBD like ETOH; there is no safe amount recommended during pregnancy. However, for thousands of years women have managed to find a balance that works for them and their family. For some this is none. For others, it is glass of water-down rose or now, a CBD spritzer.

Will using CBD oil affect the fetus of a pregnant woman?

CBD consumed by the mother will affect the fetus. We do not have long-term studies on this.

Is CBD oil safe to use during pregnancy? 

The data is inconclusive at this time.

What are the possible risks or downsides of using CBD oil while pregnant?

Falsely elevated levels of anandaminde early in the pregnancy (when they are supposed to be low) may be associated with miscarriage.

Is CBD oil safe to use while breastfeeding? What are some of the risks?

CBD is highly likely to be transferred to breast milk. We do not have adequate data to outline risks/benefits of CBD use while breastfeeding. We do know the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) regulates the suckling response in newborns.

What are alternatives to CBD oil while I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?

Many herbs have similar compounds to CBD/THC. Plants are often the original blueprint for modern medicine. Thusly, I would seek the assistance of an educated herbalist.

After pregnancy should your baby touch or come into contact with a CBD topical that’s been applied? 

Baby’s skin doesn’t need CBD topicals unless baby has a condition and this should be discussed with a pediatrician and/or dermatologist.

Is it safe to use topicals on a baby? 

As long as baby is not allergic to any of the topical ingredients, just observe baby and be mindful of future exposure. Infant skin turn over and metabolism is much faster than an adult; therefore baby may take in/metabolize more of the product than an adult. 

References:

THC/CBD on pregnancy: https://www.nature.com/articles/pr201125

THC on pregnancy: https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1471-0528.12626

CBD on pregnancy: https://www.marijuanabreak.com/effects-of-cbd-on-fetuses

Breast Feeding Guidelines: https://www.livescience.com/63437-marijuana-pregnancy-breast-feeding-guidelines.html

“THE Jamaica Study”: https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/93/2/254

CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/marijuana/factsheets/pregnancy.htm

American College of OB/GYN: https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Marijuana-and-Pregnancy?IsMobileSet=false

National Library of Medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20068032/


Dr. Caroline Hartridge

About the Author

Dr. Hartridge is a doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, who is licensed as a General Practitioner in New York and Georgia. She completed her Internship in a Family Medicine residency program at Brookhaven Memorial Hospital in Patchogue, NY, studied Osteopathic Medicine and Public Health at Touro University, California and Environmental Education at Davidson College, North Carolina.

Additionally, Dr. Hartridge is trained as a Starch Certified Health Care Provider by Dr. John McDougall. Low Fat Plant Based food choices can help heal everything from diabetes to hypertension to autoimmune disorders and chronic pain.

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